Wednesday, August 26, 2020

If accounting policies only determine how past transactions are Essay - 1

On the off chance that bookkeeping approaches just decide how past exchanges are recorded and reflected in money related reports, by what means can the decision - Essay Example Conversation In 1977, the Financial Accounting Standards Board proposed to change the bookkeeping strategies utilized in the oil business from full costing (FC) to fruitful endeavors (SE). The FSAB through the Exposure Draft got extraordinary resistance from oil organizations on the grounds that the adjustment in bookkeeping technique could antagonistically decrease the piece of the pie cost and income simultaneously. From an examination did, 64% of the oil organizations will have their profit diminishing by 5% or more and 74% of the organizations overviewed could have a 5% or more reduction in the piece of the pie cost in the event that they changed the bookkeeping technique from full costing to effective endeavors (Zeff, 1979). By and large, it was set up that the industry’s piece of the overall industry cost and profit diminished by 4.5% in three days after the arrival of the Exposure Draft (Lev, 1979). The budgetary bookkeeping principles board set forward two technique us ed to represent oil and gas investigation cost. These incorporate the full costing technique and the effective endeavors strategy. The two techniques vary in the manner they treat investigation costs (Myers, 1979). Effective Efforts strategy Under this technique, the expenses are brought about in fruitless investigation are charged as current costs and along these lines not conveyed forward as resources. Under the SE technique, costs are promoted by assortment if the expenses straightforwardly end up in the advancement of demonstrated stores. Expenses not bringing about demonstrated stores are expensed as are brought about or as an assurance of confirmed stores is made. Essentially, inside a cost gathering, wells that are investigated and discovered dry are expensed and wells that are effectively investigated and created are promoted (Lev, 1979). Full Costing Method The FC technique, then again, treats all costs that oil organizations brought about in investigation oil and gas saves as resources subject to a constraint that the aggregate sum conveyed forward doesn't surpass the approximated estimation of the stores, anyplace the well is found either inside the nation or over any mainland (Lev, 1979). Under the full cost strategy, all charges of finding and developing wells are promoted paying little heed to the way that they are demonstrated or not. After which, exhaustion is finished utilizing the units of creation method where the all the demonstrated oil and gas saves are thought about (Myers, 1979). On a very basic level, the entirety of the expenses of creating gas and oil holds, both fruitful and ineffective are exhausted as yield units which are recouped from the effective wells (Myers, 1979). This technique is allowed by the Securities Exchange Commission however not supported by the FASB and is proposed as an instigation for the examination of further oil and gas resources since charges identified with bombed investigation can be expensed after some t ime as opposed to as acquired (Myers, 1979). The Securities Exchange Commission was accountable for directing the oil business according to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975. In a matter of seconds before this demonstration, FASB had communicated enthusiasm of setting bookkeeping standard to be utilized in the oil business. Therefore, SEC depended on FASB for setting bookkeeping standard for the oil business. FASB then concocted the Exposure Draft the proposed to change the bookkeeping strategy utilized in the business (Lev, 1979). As indicated by FASB, the full costing strategy was wrong as it didn't reflect consistency in the oil indust

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Research Process Essays

Research Process Essays Research Process Essay Research Process Essay Business Research Process Geno Jahrling RES/351 September 16, 2013 Dr. Edward Sarks Ballan Businesses examine issues to recognize issues that need fix, or improvement. Now and then an issue is as of now recognized and an organization conducts research to make fixes; Unknown issues likewise can be distinguished through business look into. The examination procedure gives a summation of data accumulated from clear reports, and clarifications. With a more profound comprehension, issues can be fixed or improved utilizing information got during research (Cooper ; Schindler, 2011). Remote ocean Dive - rratntng (DSDT) a usiness that gets ready sstudents for entering the business plunge industry. As of late, enlistments declined regardless of the reality there is a consistent interest for jumpers. The administrator, and teacher staff led a business inquire about venture to recognize causes, right issues, and increment enlistments. The exploration group expected to distinguish why there was not a high number of candidates. It began by reviewing sstudents, and potential candidates. The study members distinguished two significant zones of concern. DSDT didn't have a submerged welding system, and graduates from DSDT were not getting recruited at a similar rate as the contenders sstudents. DSDT contrasted its program with rivals, found the educational plan was ssimilar, and guidance was as per the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines. The examination group additionally asked with scouts for plunge organizations, and discovered that DSDT graduates were not as attractive as the contenders. Selection representatives expressed the principle concern was security preparing didn't match contenders. DSDTs inquire about group coincluded the school expected to actualize a welding program, and improve educational plan to incorporate metal zones of security. The group investigated what the contenders were doing to meet organization desires and discovered they basically inculcated them into the individual courses. A key revelation during the examination was that contenders didn't offer confirmations for welding, nor did they offer endorsements of fulfillment for wellbeing preparing. The group decided executing confirmations as a feature of the program was basic to increasing a serious edge. When an answer plan was distinguished by the exploration, costs related with refreshing the jump preparing program were esearched. Cost assessments demonstrated a possibility to earn back the original investment between 18 to three years relying upon rapidly enlistments expanded. Enlistments expected to increment from a normal of 12 sstudents toa least of 20. The examination group aetermlnea a DreaK even time-Trame Decause as individuals learned 0T tne plans, tnere was a quick increment in potential candidates (Hide, 2013). DSDT recognized an issue of declined enlistments. The organization led a business explore procedure to recognize why the program was not drawing in clients. A welding program wanted by sstudents, nd graduates with more security preparing wanted by organizations were the two causative issues found by the examination. DSDT confirmed that it could offer the projects with affirmations, which is past what contenders were advertising.. Before finishing the business look into process, there was a quick increment in enthusiasm as individuals heard what DSDT was doing with its program. References: Cooper, D. R. , ; Schindler, P. S. (2011). Business Research Methods (Eleventh ed. ). New York, New York: McGraw-Hill/lrwin. Recovered September 2013 Hide, B. (2013, March). Chief. (G. Jahrling, Interviewer) San Diego, California.

Thursday, August 13, 2020

21st Century Issues For Adult, Vocational And Higher Education Essay

21st Century Issues For Adult, Vocational And Higher Education Essay 21st Century Issues For Adult, Vocational And Higher Education â€" Essay Example > 21st Century Issues for Adult, Vocational and Higher EducationModule 2Introduction As social, economic and technological modification gathers pace, individuals all over require to increase their skills and knowledge on a constant basis so that they can work and live significantly in the knowledge civilization. Training and education add to an individual’s personal improvement, boost their efficiency and returns at work, and ease everybody’s involvement in social and economic life. Additionally, training and education can give individuals the skills and knowledge required to generate income and increase their output there fore escaping poverty. As a result, investing in training and education is a future investment; skills and knowledge are the engines of social development and economic growth. The international community and UNESCO have put the striving objectives to make sure that the learning requirements of all youthful individuals and also adults are met through fair acces s to suitable education and life skills programmes (World Forum on Education, Dakar, 2000). This endeavor to offer literacy and fundamental education for adults and the youthful generation will affect the social and economic development of nations by making sure the aptitude of people to learn and present the base for their employability and entrée do respectable work (Ben-Ari, 2005). This essay will illustrate my experience in University, the challenges for the institution and how the institution might respond more effectively to the challenges of globalization for the benefits of students (Bennett, 2003). HIGHER EDUCATION-UNIVERSITYHigher education is becoming increasingly internationalized with more than 2.7 million students studying overseas and global student mobility is on the rise. Issues of reform, innovation, access and regional competitively in higher education have become increasingly significant. This is elucidated by the raised concern in eminence with regards to its effects in higher education. The IMHE, as the OECD forum on higher education, bring jointly governments and higher education institutions to share paramount performances to confront these issues through a network of studies, relationships, and research (Fisser, 2001). The Australian government is dedicated to making the country one of the most learned and vastly skilled workforce internationally so as to safe guard state long term economic affluence. In the year 2008, the Australian government instigated a Review of Higher Education in order to scrutinize the potential courses of the higher education segment, its suitability for function in meeting the requirements of Australian society and economy and the preferences of the continuing reforms (Lave and Wenger, 1991). Challenges Higher education is tremendously varied and the issues and challenges encountered by these institutions are also varied. Aspiration to learn offers the solutions- a mixture of products expertise and servic es to deal with these challenges and in the end facilitating these institutions attain their objectives (Ben-Ari, 2005). Most people who are in higher education and those who are concerned as members of board of trustees, the alumni councils and campus advisory boards are acquainted with the principles of accessibility, affordability and accountability (Lave and Wenger, 1991). These values have been conferred in higher education in reaction to regional sanctioning bodies and higher education charitable associations.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Andrew Jackson’s ‘Era of the Common Man’ or the...

Andrew Jackson’s ‘Era of the Common Man’ or the ‘Jacksonian Period’ (1824-1845) starts at his inauguration, and ends as the Civil War begins. Jackson was the first president that was not born into wealth or education, but instead made his own wealth, and taught himself up to a prime education, a ‘self-made man’, as some may say, this and his military history made him the defining figure of his age. Although, he downplayed his past successes to make him more like the ‘common man’, and appeal to the voters, his past, and his future changes to political policies, economy, and the overall society, marks this special period as the Era of the Common Man. On a political level, Jackson changed the way the president is elected, by repeatedly†¦show more content†¦Although, this principle, at face value, may seem to favor the common man, but in it’s true principles, betray the common man. Jackson strongly fought this ide al, saying that the federal government was made to protect and represent the common man, even when the common man turned on one another, and to protect the common man the Union must be persevered. These issues came to a head, when Vice-President Calhoun, in the South Carolina Exposition and Protest of 1828, supported his home state in nullifying the federal tariff of 1828, which implied he supported the ‘Nullification Rights’ of the state. Jackson, although supporting South Carolina’s view of the tariff, prized the preservation of the Union more, and squashed this rebellion down with the threat of troops being sent. This incident protected the common man, by making it clear that the differing views of a minority will not be able to hurt the common man, so long as the Union can be preserved. These principles against the Nullification rights of the state, were shown once again when, at the April 13, 1830, Jefferson Day dinner, Calhoun toasted â€Å"The Union of the U.S., and the Sovereignty of the States†, showing his support of Nullification, and Jackson toasted is respond â€Å"Our federal Union: it must be preserved†, showing his opposition to Nullification, and exposing the widening gap between himself andShow MoreRelatedThe Jacksonian Era3389 Words   |  14 PagesNAME: Brandon Longo ________/55 APUSH Mr. Broggy Chapter 10 The Jacksonian Era, 1824-1845 Directions Answer all of the following learning objectives in writing (hand-written only please). These are to be answered in full sentences not bullet points. Think of this as writing paragraphs for each of these objectives. If additional space is needed, use the back of the page. Make sure that you are including facts, names, specific dates, and ofRead MoreA SELECTION OF PAST AP U.S. FREE RESPONSE QUESTIONS:3529 Words   |  15 PagesA SELECTION OF PAST AP U.S. FREE RESPONSE QUESTIONS: Part 1: Colonial Period to Civil War Colonial Times 1607 -1775 1. From 1600 -1763, several European nations vied for control of the North American continent. Why did England win the struggle? (73) 2. In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? (83) 3. In the two decades before the

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Marilyn Monroe Borderline Personality Disorder - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1371 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2019/08/02 Category People Essay Level High school Topics: Marilyn Monroe Essay Did you like this example? Marilyn Monroe Disorder: Borderline Personality Disorder Thesis Statement: Marilyn Monroes candle burned out long before her legend ever did (Elton John. Goodbye Norma Jeane). Marilyn Monroe, a well-known legend, was a public figure for several decades. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Marilyn Monroe: Borderline Personality Disorder" essay for you Create order Monroe was an actress, model, and singer. She began her career as a model, which led to a film contract with Twentieth Century Fox in 1946. She then went on to start in many successful motion pictures during the late 1940s and early 1960s. Throughout her career, Monroe had roles in 23 films which grossed more than $200 million since her debut in 1950 (AE Television Networks). Although she was a highly well-known legend, she soon became known for something other than her ability to act. Monroe swiftly became known to the public for her behavior and eccentric actions; she eventually was diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder which is a mental illness marked by an outgoing pattern of varying moods, self-image, and behavior. These symptoms often result in impulsive actions and problems in relationships. People with borderline personality disorder may experience intense episodes of anger, depression, and anxiety. (Borderline Personality Disorder). Monroe ended her depression and a nxiety along with her future when she overdosed on chloral hydrate enema, a sleeping pill, and died at the age of 36. History of Psychological Disorder: Borderline Personality Disorder was first discovered in 1938 by Adolph Stern. The study began with him identifying a group of patients who had no response to classical psychoanalytic treatment. Stern described these people and their manifesting symptoms as being on the line between neurosis and psychosis, and therefore labeled them the borderline group(Wilderkt). Treatment methods of BPD in 1938 included dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) which incorporated techniques of validation and the concept of acceptance to a cognitive behavioral therapy. Another treatment method was Schema-Focused Therapy; this treatment method was developed for personality-disorder patients who did not respond to standard cognitive-behavioral therapy. Both methods explicitly address the borderline patients typical treatment-interfering behaviors so that his or her responses were not overactive. Today, we can conclude that Borderline Personality Disorder is a common mental disorder characterized by unstable moods, behavior, and relationships. Although the cause of BPD is unknown, it can still be treated with talk therapy, and in some cases, medication.   Prevalence Biological Relationship of Psychological Disorder: Borderline Personality Disorder, a dominant trait, is officially diagnosed in early adulthood. BPD is often caused by certain traumatic childhood experiences such as emotional, physical, or sexual abuse as well as loss, neglect, and/or bullying and the prevalence of borderline personality disorder is estimated to be 5.9% of the population, 75% of whom are white women (American Psychiatric Association). Marilyn Monroe experienced a disrupted, loveless, and neglectful childhood. She was born to a mentally unstable mother who gave her up to a foster family because she suffered from Schizophrenia. She was then put in an orphanage in Los Angeles, where she was molested by her mothers new husband. She spent twelve years of her life in and out of foster homes and orphanages. Marilyn possessed this disorder through years of loss, neglect, and lovelessness. Cultural Perspectives: Hispanics and African Americans both view Borderline Personality Disorder and its treatment methods in a somewhat similar way. In the Hispanic community, individuals are skeptical and hesitant about seeking out therapy or professional mental health service. Usually if they do so, it is a last resort. If he or she does seek out help for their problem, they hide it. Within the Hispanic community there is a misconception that visiting a mental health professional means that the person is crazy, or that something is terribly wrong with him or her (Daisy Novoa Vasquez).   Therefor the idea for seeking help is either put off as a last resort or nonexistent. The African American culture prefers to use the bible and their religion as a method of coping with the stress and troubles that come with having a personality disorder, Therefore, many African Americans view seeking treatment for mental health as less culturally acceptable. They believe that if they see a thera pist they may be seen as spiritually weak by the people close to them(Erlanger A. Turner Ph.D.). In both the Hispanic and African American culture, prayer is used as a treatment to cope with the disorder as well as stress and troubles. Symptoms: Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder include antisocial behavior, fear of abandonment, unstable relationships, impulsive behavior, self-harm, extreme emotional swings, a chronic feeling of emptiness, explosive anger, and suicidal thoughts (Dina Cagliostro, PhD). Someone with BPD can have many mood swings in the course of a day, whereas most people will only experience one or two major emotional shifts in the course of a week. Through adolescence and adulthood symptoms tend to reduce over time. Marilyns symptoms included a feeling of emptiness, a split identity, extreme emotional volatility, unstable relationships, and an impulsivity that drove her to drug addiction and suicide. Treatments: Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) focuses on the concept of mindfulness to the present emotion. DBT teaches skills to control intense emotions, reduce self-destructive behavior, manage distress, and improve relationships. DBT was designed specifically to treat BPD. Treatment includes individual therapy sessions, skills training in a group setting, and phone coaching as needed. DBT is the most studied treatment for BPD and the one shown to be most effective because it uses a skill based approach to teach you how to manage your stress and improve your relationships. Another method of treatment, known as transference-focused therapy (TFP) is designed to help patients understand their emotions and interpersonal problems through the relationship between the patient and therapist. Patients then apply the insights they learn to other situations. Marilyn used reading and writing poetry as a way to cope with BPD as well as self motivation to further her career. She also used slee ping pills and alcohol as a coping method. Rather than coping to her disorder using substances, Monroe could have gone to dialectical behavior therapy or transference-focused therapy. Societal Perspectives: Although many praised Marilyn Monroe for her ability to act, after diagnosed with Borderline Personality disorder, many viewed her as a misfit to society. BPD is a mental illness that tends to carry a burden and is often shrouded. Borderline individuals are often perceived as self-harming, socially awkward, eccentric individuals who dont fit into society.   After she committed suicide, not only was Marilyn looked at as a misfit but she was also bashed and looked down at upon society. Borderline Personality Disorder is a disorder society should not identify and only under certain circumstances should one recommend treatment for individuals with BPD. One should only recommend treatment for a BPD patient if they have experience working with this disorder, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist. One could also share treatment recommendations for a BPD patient (Patient 1) if the person willing to share recommendations is suffering with BPD themselves and properly treating it (Patient 2).   Patient 2, who is currently suffering with BPD but properly treating it could kindly reach out to Patient 1 who has maybe not seeked others help to cope with BPD. Patient 2 could share what personally worked best for them and how much it helped them in the hopes of influencing Patient 1 to get proper treatment. It has been seen that over the past decade, various groups have formed to help move the BPD agenda forward and to bring hope to individuals with BPD. First, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has worked intensively to augment the focus on BPD research. Also, the Borderline Personality Disorder Research Foundation, a private foundation, has joined the research effort and provided funding for projects both in the United States and abroad. In addition, the National Education Alliance for Borderline Personality Disorder with support from NIMH has convened five national and 14 regional conferences on BPD. And lastly, the BPD Resource Center provides a free service t o callers and has developed and maintains a list of treatment referrals as well as informational brochures on the disorder (Perry D. Hoffman, Ph.D). Conclusion: While for many, Marilyn Monroe was a well-known legend for her acting, behind her breathtaking beauty and her magnetism, was a complex and troubled woman. This iconic actress suffered from Borderline Personality Disorder.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Shakespeare Theme Essay Free Essays

A. P. Literature How does Shakespeare express theme through language? Shakespeare, an extraordinary writer, uses many literary techniques which prove his mastery of English. We will write a custom essay sample on Shakespeare Theme Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now His most fascinating technique however, is displaying theme through language. In his play â€Å"Hamlet†, Shakespeare uses language to address existential dilemma, truth, and death. These themes significantly shape â€Å"Hamlet† into the masterpiece it is. In his play, Shakespeare expresses existential dilemma through Hamlet. Hamlet’s life so far has gone roughly in a negative direction. His father, the King of Hamlet, has passed away; and disappointingly, Hamlet comes back to a crowd that is busy acknowledging the new king, Claudius, and is forgetting about the death of his father. Shakespeare uses language to express theme through Hamlet’s soliloquy, â€Å"To be, or not to be†. In his soliloquy, Hamlet asks himself whether he should kill himself, or keep going. Hamlet illustrates the strain that many people feel at one point or another, the world is just too much. Another theme that Shakespeare expresses in his play through language is truth. For a â€Å"madman† such as Hamlet, he is pretty intent on getting his facts straight. Hamlet wants to be sure Claudius is his father’s murderer before he takes any drastic action. After being enraged by his father’s speech, Hamlet tries to find out the truth. In Act 3, Scene 2, Hamlet stages a play called â€Å"Mousetrap†, which portrays the death scene his father described. During that scene, Hamlet intends to watch Claudius to see if he expresses guilt. Through language, Shakespeare shows truth. Hamlet goes to great measures of finding out what is true; expressing a view that believing if another is honest is a matter of great trust, or great naivete. Lastly, Shakespeare expresses through language the theme of death. In Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet encounters death through his father’s ghost, and in Polonius’s and Ophelia’s demises. These run ins prompt Hamlet to look at death through different angles. For instance, the ghost of his father causes Hamlet to think about the spiritual aftermath of death. After Polonius’s death in Act 4, Hamlet compares death to the â€Å"Worm that ate the king’s corpse, that might be used to catch a fish to feed a beggar†. In other words, Shakespeare comments that death is a great equalizer, or as a stepping stone to truth away from an ambiguous dishonest world. Hamlet is a play that strongly represents the themes of the world through the language of art. Shakespeare enforces his views of the world through events that can be decoded into many messages. With just a few characters and occurrences, Shakespeare is able to illustrate themes such as existential dilemma, truth, and death. Through its many ingenious themes, â€Å"Hamlet† can be considered an outline of the treacherous world we live in. If you take anything for granted, or trust everything you hear, your path will become a difficult one. How to cite Shakespeare Theme Essay, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Dpp Guidance free essay sample

Key words how the HARM defines the HER profession (these tell you what you have to do) * First you might wish to define what you understand by the HER Profession. * Then you will be able to use you explanation of the map to illustrate how CUPID feel that this defines the HER profession. Sources of Information In lesson 1 -?we looked at the HER Contribution -? and HER being based on core principles. The text book also provides a section on What is HARM. These should help with your definition. You may also use seek definitions of HER as a profession from the CUPID website, alternative text books, or other sources.In lesson 3 we covered how HER provides a service to a range of customers. This is part of the function of HER. Having this as your basis will then allow you to briefly describe the HARM and explain how it defines the HER professional I. We will write a custom essay sample on Dpp Guidance or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page E. How it supports your definition and underpins the services HER provides to its customers. Remember to consider the different roles and aspects of HER as a profession and the attributes required for these roles, also the career progression through the profession. This will enable you to link the theory to the map.Evaluate how the two core professional areas and any two selected behaviors uphold the concept of HER Professionalism, giving examples from the knowledge and activities at band 2. Key words again the words in yellow tell you what you have to do. * First you could define the Idea of HER Professionalism * Then you would be able to bring in how the two core professional areas (PAs) support this Idea. * You will find then that two of the behaviors will naturally link In to support your argument, as they display the attributes an HER Professional might have in order to carry out the activities identified in the PA. * Examples to support each PA.These examples may be general or could be drawn from your own experience. Sources of information The unit guidelines (on Model) provide a range of aspects of the HER Professional covered in the lessons: * The role and contribution of the HER Professional types of action taken, acting as ambassadors, business partnering, being a thinking performer, the importance of behaving effectively re reputation and service delivery. * What it means to be a professional: code of conduct, professional ethics, fundamental beliefs and concepts (covered in lesson 1), meeting customer needs efficiently and effectively with discretion.The text book Taylor and Woodworms Chapter 4 covers all of the above aspects. Incorporating theory and references: You may refer to theorists such as Lurch, case studies or articles read such as role call, business partnering, Business Savvy, the thinking performer. These do not need to be explained. An example would be: Taylor and Woodworms (2012 pep) identify the CUPID concept of the thinking performer, as sitting at the very heart of professional practice. Although also a theory promoted by CUPID, this supports the idea that may be linked andExplain, with related examples, why HER Professionals need to be able to manage themselves, manage groups or teams, manage upwards, and manage across the organization. Key words explain why HER Professionals need to be able to manage why is important it is not how. The word By now your report has already discussed the HER Profession and the role of HER Professional in relation to the range of services provided to customers and how the concept of the HARM supports this. This part of the report should now take the idea a stage further to illustrate that there are four different elements to being an effectiveHER professional. Here you will need to bring together the importance of meeting the needs of a range of different customers who ope rate at different levels, inside and outside of the organization. Hence the need to be able manage in different ways. The text book Taylor and Woodworms Chapter 4 covers all of the above aspects including self management, team working, networking, influencing etc. Lurch, Business Partnering, Role call case study, etc may be mentioned to support your own theories. The lesson provided additional theories in management and leadership, plus self management skills.With regard to management, leadership and team theories ensure you use them only to support a theme that you are discussing to answer the WHY question. Examples might be: An HER professional may not always be a manager but may still need to demonstrate leadership skills in leading, either within in a team or a task. Drains model (1983) illustrates the importance . Managing across and upwards in organizations may be difficult but the flowing example shows how an HER professional might adapt Blanchard and Heresys (2007) style of leadership to manage different situations.